Workshops

Introduction
The 6th International Symposium on Highway Geometric Design, including the Urban Street Symposium, offers a great variety of workshops. Participants can choose from 8 workshops, held on Sunday afternoon and Monday Morning. These workshops contain state-of-the art studies, interactive elements, international perspectives and best-practices.

Workshops schedule
Sunday afternoon, June 28th
Workshop 1: Connected and Autonomous Vehicles and Highway Design
Workshop 2: Road Design and Human Factors
Workshop 3: Access Management (leave out shaping the future)
Workshop 4: AASHTO Highway Safety Manual and PIARC Road Safety Manual

Monday morning, June 29th
Workshop 5: Connected and Autonomous Vehicles and Urban Street Design
Workshop 6: Cycle Facilities
Workshop 7: Roadside Safety
Workshop 8: Innovative Intersection and Interchange Design
Below you find a brief summary of the workshops. More details, including names of co-presenters, will be published later.

Workshop 1: Connected and Autonomous Vehicles and Highway Design

Coordinated and automated driving are expected to transform drastically our way of transportation in the future. Expected benefits include a safer, less polluting, more efficient and inclusive way of transportation. But how should road authorities prepare for this future? What role do they have to play? How can they facilitate the transition towards fully connected and automated driving? Which geometric design choices should they make (or don’t make) now to facilitate this process?
This workshop therefore aims at assessing the impact of coordinated and automated driving on highway design. By means of a design hackathon concrete highway design cases will be studied, alternative solutions presented and discussed. Participants of the workshop will actively participate in group design exercises and will present and motivate their choices to the other participants. Skilled highway designers will help the groups to translate their ideas to technical drawings on computer which can be shown and presented to all workshop participants.

Workshop 2: Road Design and Human Factors

The first edition of the American road design guidelines, ‘A policy on geometric design of rural highways’ was released on 1954, and the Dutch design guidelines in 1975. Since then updated versions of these guidelines based on new findings from scientific research were released every couple of years.

The main purpose of the design guidelines is to guide designers in their design work and assure consistency in road design by referencing a recommended range of values for critical dimensions. Sufficient flexibility is permitted to encourage independent designs tailored to particular situations. The ultimate aim is to assure recognizable road design to road users and to build the correct road users’ expectations about the road course so as to increase the chance that they make safe and correct decisions and therefore less errors in traffic.

However, the main question is how can we take into account human factors in road design? Design guidelines are merely based on a technical world while human factors are merely based on the psychological world. How can we make them work together in order to gain better and safer road design?

The format of this workshop will be composed of four parts:

  • Firstly, an introduction on road design guidelines, human factors and road safety will be given;
  • Secondly, a series of short presentations (15-20 minutes) on the current status of human factors incorporation in different road design guidelines will be introduced by selected speakers from different countries;
  • Thirdly, participants will discuss the importance of inclusion of human factors knowledge in design guidelines (HSM!) and road safety audits and identify the main knowledge gaps;
  • Fourthly, participants will set the targets and future actions to close the gap between human factors and road design guidelines future editions.

Workshop 3: Access Management (leave out shaping the future)

In the U.S., the practice of roadway access management is evident in the design standards and regulations of state transportation agencies and local governments. Many other nations have considered or adopted similar programs. The aim is to coordinate the planning, regulation and design of access between major roadways and land development, primarily for safety reasons.

The practice continues to advance, even as state and local agencies in the U.S. have come under increasing pressure to approve development access regardless of policy. Recent advances include a growing emphasis on non-auto modes, context sensitive design, and a future look toward considerations related to curb management and automated vehicles.

The current state of the practice is documented in three recently published resources: TRB Access Management Manual, 2nd ed. (2014), Access Management Application Guide (2016) and Guide for the Analysis of Multimodal Corridor Access Management (2019). TRB E-Circular 214: International Practice in Highway Access Management: A Primer was also published in 2016. Many other NCHRP studies have recently been completed or are underway.

This workshop will share best practices from these resources and compare diverse approaches to access management in the U.S. and abroad. Participants will be engaged in discussions aimed at solidifying and advancing the state of the practice.

Workshop 4: AASHTO Highway Safety Manual and PIARC Road Safety Manual

Fatal and serious injury road crashes continue to be a significant concern worldwide as these crashes continues to rise in many countries, and particularly in lower and middle income countries where crashes involving vulnerable road users are particularly high. The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials developed the Highway Safety Manual, while in the same timeframe the World Road Association (PIARC) developed the Road Safety Manual. The intent of these manuals were similar: to provide the necessary safety fundamentals and knowledge base to increase the reliability and outcome of safety programs. However, the basis of these manuals is somewhat different. The AASHTO Highway Safety Manual relies primarily upon use of statistical methods to develop reliable estimates of crash potential. Using these tools provide for a more reliable approach to program and project level decision-making. On the other hand, the PIARC RSM provides for the knowledge necessary to deliver a thorough Safety Program based on the Safe System Approach where risk based assessments using tools such as iRAP are more prevalent.

This workshop is well timed as the HSM 2nd edition is intended for delivery in late 2020, and the update PIARC manual was released in October 2019. This workshop will cover key concepts of both manuals, highlighting the Safe Systems approach, the predictive methods of the HSM and the value of application in planning, design, and operations. The workshop will present practical examples and case studies demonstrating how nominal and substantive safety work; and participants will learn how safety has advanced the past twenty years.

Workshop 5: Connected and Autonomous Vehicles and Urban Street Design

Automated driving might change the future of mobility drastically. The fully automated future is often envisioned with exciting possibilities, yet a smooth transition period is the key to a successful automated future. This workshop focuses on the transition period with a mix of different levels of automation in urban regions. We aim to shed light on the following questions:

  1. On which roads and intersections can level 3-4 automated vehicles safely operate in urban regions?
  2. What are the requirements for physical infrastructure?
  3. Can we generalize selection rules based on road and intersection attributes?

We will have a structured discussion based on a large set of systematically chosen pictures of different types of situations (i.e., based on road and intersection types) in the Netherlands and in the United States and categorized based on several criteria (e.g., road type, road function, intersection type, etc.). Participants will be asked to judge whether it is possible and safe to facilitate automated driving in each situation. Also the reasons behind these choices will be discussed. At the end the results will be analyzed and generalized in order to answer the three questions mentioned above.

Workshop 6: Cycle Facilities

The Netherlands are famous for the extensive use of the bicycle in cities all over the country. The bicycle network of safe cycle routes and low-speed residential streets plays an important role in this success. This network was not built overnight. Step by step the Dutch developed their mobility strategy, based on an equal role for all modes. This workshop will give insights on the basics of Dutch bicycle planning and design and new developments in the Netherlands and internationally. The main focus is on situations with mixed traffic. What’s the Dutch secret there of cycling safely and happily with so many?

The session will have four short introductions on the following topics:

  1. Mixed traffic and bicycle streets
  2. Shared Space
  3. Effects on car congestion: case of San Francisco Bay Area
  4. Cycling Happiness and Travel Time Perception: Netherlands versus Denmark

After the four presentations, participants can discuss in smaller groups and bring their own cases.

Workshop 7: Roadside Safety

PROGReSS is a project being carried out as part of the 2016 CEDR Safety call. In fact, in Europe a high proportion of crashes remain associated with (unsafe) road sides and verges, namely single vehicle crashes (crashes with objects in the verge or roll-overs) and loss-of-control crashes resulting in head-on and other crash types.

The PROGReSS (Provision of Guidelines for Road Side Safety) project combines the results of a status quo review of available EU roadside safety standards and guidelines with the experiences of National Road Authorities (NRA) in applying these in the design, operation and maintenance phases of EU roads with speed limits higher than 70km/h. PROGReSS brings together state of the art (theoretical) requirements as defined by current national and international standards regulating the safe design and operation of road sides along higher order EU roads with the practice of applying these requirements and dealing with the difficulties of making compromises and design concessions driven by the reality of project constraints. PROGReSS has developed a tool to assess and evaluate roadside design and management policies. It provides recommendations to improve both the quality and use of roadside safety design, operations and maintenance thereby increasing the effectiveness of the road infrastructure safety management.

At the workshop a short presentation, summarising the project and introducing the roadside policy assessment tool, will be given. This will be followed by a hands-on demonstration in which participants will be able to apply the tool to real life situations (cases) dealing with roadside safety improvement projects.

Workshop 8: Innovative Intersection and Interchange Design

The first edition of FHWA’s Alternative Intersection and Interchange Guide was published in 2010, and since that time, many countries have developed, refined and installed alternative intersections in locations where conventional intersection improvements have been either too costly or impactful. In 2014, FHWA released four guides on the Median U-turn, Restricted Crossing U-turn and continuous flow intersections and the Diverging Dimond interchange, and other Guides and research are continually being developed and updated.

The main purpose of the FHWA Guides and other national publications on Alternative Intersection and Interchange Design (AIID) are to provide planning and design guidance and construction and user experience on a wide variety of AIID’s. Practitioners are also encouraged to understand the operational and safety principles of AIID’s and apply them in unique and complex contexts in order to improve intersection efficiency and safety. This workshop will review current knowledge, state-of-practice and challenges and opportunities for AIID’s to become more commonplace when considering intersection improvement alternatives.

The format of this workshop will be composed of three parts:

  1. An introduction of common AIID principles;
  2. A series of short presentations (10-15 minutes) on current research, implementations and experience with various AIID’s introduced by selected speakers from different countries;
  3. Participants will receive a case project, inclusive of maps, aerials, traffic data and improvement objectives and work in groups to prepare and present an alternative design solution.